BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:
TT-173 is the first topical hemostatic agent based on tissue factor. To prevent thromboembolic events and intravascular coagulation it is necessary to rule out the systemic absorption of new bioactive hemostats. Here, we radiolabeled TT-173 with [18F]SBF to characterize its systemic absorption and biodistribution.
A group of rats were administered intravenously with [18F]TT-173 and were subjected to a positron emission tomography study. A second group of animals received the [18F]TT-173 topically over a skin lesion in the flank. Topical absorption was quantified and the biodistribution patterns observed were compared.
After topical application, low amounts of [18F]TT-173 were absorbed and distributed without relevant accumulation in any organ. On the other hand, after intravenous injection, [18F]TT-173 accumulated in lungs, liver and spleen, consistent with intravascular clot formation and the posterior capillary trapping and phagocytosis by the reticuloendothelial system. In both cases, a substantial concentration of radioactive product was found in urine consistent with renal excretion of degradation products of [18F]TT-173.
After topical application, [18F]TT-173 did not show a significant systemic accumulation in animal organs. Minor radioactive concentration found in lungs, liver and spleen likely corresponds with fragments of the product without procoagulant activity. Radiolabeling with [18F]SFB enables the characterization of systemic absorption and biodistribution of new topical hemostats like TT-173.